Evidence of Strong-Coupled Superconductivity in CaC6 from Tunneling Spectroscopy

Physics – Condensed Matter – Superconductivity

Scientific paper

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2nd version, 4 pages, 4 figures, re-submitted to Physical Review Letters

Scientific paper

10.1103/PhysRevB.76.220502

Point-contact tunneling on CaC$_6$ crystals reproducibly reveals superconducting gaps, $\Delta$, of 2.3$\pm$0.2 meV which are $\sim$~40% larger than earlier reports. That puts CaC$_6$ into the class of very strong-coupled superconductors since 2$\Delta$/kT$_c\sim$~4.6. Thus soft Ca phonons will be primarily involved in the superconductivity, a conclusion that explains the large Ca isotope effect found recently for CaC$_6$. Consistency among superconductor-insulator-normal metal (SIN), SIS and Andreev reflection (SN) junctions reinforces the intrinsic nature of this result.

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