Enhancement of the Josephson current by magnetic field in superconducting tunnel structures with paramagnetic spacer

Physics – Condensed Matter – Superconductivity

Scientific paper

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5 pages 3 figures

Scientific paper

10.1063/1.1820549

The dc Josephson critical current of a (S/M)IS tunnel structure in a parallel magnetic field has been investigated (here S is a superconductor, S/M is the proximity coupled S and paramagnet M bilayer and I is an insulating barrier). We consider the case when, due to the Hund's rule, in the M metal the effective molecular interaction aligns spins of the conducting electrons antiparallel to localized spins of magnetic ions. It is predicted that for tunnel structures under consideration there are the conditions when the destructive action of the internal and the applied magnetic fields on Cooper pairs is weakened and the increase of the applied magnetic field causes the field-induced enhancement of the tunnel critical current. The experimental realization of this interesting effect of the interplay between superconductivity and magnetism is also discussed.

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