Direct observation of magnetocaloric effect by differential thermal analysis: influence of experimental parameters

Physics – Condensed Matter – Strongly Correlated Electrons

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Acepted to be published in Physica B

Scientific paper

The magnetocaloric effect is the isothermal change of magnetic entropy and the adiabatic temperature change induced in a magnetic material when an external magnetic field is applied. In this work, we present an experimental setup to study this effect in metamagnetic transitions, using the differential thermal analysis technique, which consists in measuring simultaneously the temperatures of the sample of interest and a reference one while an external magnetic field ramp is applied. We have tested our system to measure the magnetocaloric effect in La0.305Pr0.32Ca0.375MnO3, which presents phase separation effects at low temperatures (T < 200 K). We obtain \DeltaT vs H curves, and analyze how the effect varies by changing the rate of the magnetic field ramp. Our results show that the intensity of the effect increases with the magnetic field change rate. We also have obtained the effective heat capacity of the system without the sample by performing calorimetric measurements using a pulse heat method, fitting the temperature change with a two tau description. With this analysis, we are able to describe the influence of the environment and subtract it to calculate the adiabatic temperature change of the sample.

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