Cumulant expansion for ferrimagnetic spin (S_1, s_2) systems

Physics – Condensed Matter – Strongly Correlated Electrons

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9 pages, 5 figures, 2 tables, submitted to PRB

Scientific paper

10.1103/PhysRevB.70.184416

We have generalized the application of cumulant expansion to ferrimagnetic systems of large spins. We have derived the effective Hamiltonian in terms of classical variables for a quantum ferrimagnet of large spins. A noninteracting gas of ferrimagnetic molecules is studied systematically by cumulant expansion to second order of ($Js/T$) where $J$ is the exchange coupling in each molecule, $s$ is the smaller spin ($S_1, s_2$) and $T$ is temperature. We have observed fairly good results in the convergent regime of the expansion, i.e $T > Js$. We then extend our approach to a system of interacting ferrimagnetic molecules. For one dimensional nearest neighbor interaction we have observed that the correlation of more than two neighboring sites is negligible at moderate and high temperature behavior. Thus the results of a single molecule can be applied to the chain of interacting molecules for temperatures greater than classical energy scale, i.e $T>JS_1s_2$. Finally we will discuss the effect of spin inhomogeneity on the accuracy of this method.

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