Block Spin Ground State and 3-Dimensionality of (K,Tl)Fe$_{1.6}$Se$_2$

Physics – Condensed Matter – Superconductivity

Scientific paper

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Magnetic coupling constants double checked, journal ref. added

Scientific paper


The magnetic properties and electronic structure of (K,Tl)y Fe1.6 Se2 is studied using first-principles calculations. The ground state is checkerboard antiferromagnetically coupled blocks of the minimal Fe4 squares, with a large block spin moment ~11.2{\mu}B . The magnetic interactions could be modelled with a simple spin model involving both the inter- and intra-block, as well as the n.n. and n.n.n. couplings. The calculations also suggest a metallic ground state except for y = 0.8 where a band gap ~400 - 550 meV opens, showing an antiferromagnetic insulator ground state for (K,Tl)0.8 Fe1.6 Se2 . The electronic structure of the metallic (K,Tl)y Fe1.6 Se2 is highly 3-dimensional with unique Fermi surface structure and topology. These features indicate that the Fe-vacancy ordering is crucial to the physical properties of (K,Tl)y Fe2-x Se2 .

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