Alternating chain with Hubbard-type interactions: renormalization group analysis

Physics – Condensed Matter – Strongly Correlated Electrons

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Scientific paper

10.1016/S0375-9601(98)00479-4

The canonical transformation diagonalizing the one-particle tight binding Hamiltonian for an alternating chain with two non-equivalent sites per unit cell has been used to introduce the Hubbard-like interactions (on-site, inter-site, bond-site and intra-bond) in the corresponding two-band model. The considerations have been restricted to the particular case, suggested by the undistorted 3/4-filled $CuO_{3}$ chain, where the alternating structure comes only from non-equal on-site atomic energies and the gap between the two bands is sufficiently large. The renormalization group method has been then applied to the upper band of this model and the corresponding phase diagram has been analyzed in terms of some renormalized (density dependent) Hubbard-type couplings for arbitrary filling of the upper band. The particular case of $CuO_{3}$ chain is also discussed and the corresponding phase diagram has been drawn in terms of the original (and realistic) coupling constants.

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