A Microscopic Derivation of the SO(5)-Symmetric Landau-Ginzburg Potential

Physics – Condensed Matter – Superconductivity

Scientific paper

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29 pp., plain TeX, 7 figures, uses macros.tex (included) and epsf.tex; added subject class

Scientific paper

10.1103/PhysRevB.57.8549

We construct a microscopic model of electron interactions which gives rise to both superconductivity and antiferromagnetism, and which admits an approximate SO(5) symmetry that relates these two phases. The symmetry can be exact, or it may exist only in the long-wavelength limit, depending on the detailed form of the interactions. We compute the macroscopic Landau-Ginzburg free energy for this model as a function of temperature and doping, by explicitly integrating out the fermions. We find that the resulting phase diagram can resemble that observed for the cuprates, with the antiferromagnetism realized as a spin density wave, whose wavelength might be incommensurate with the lattice spacing away from half filling.

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