Physics – High Energy Physics – High Energy Physics - Phenomenology
LaTeX file, 31 pages, no figures. Minor changes, References added. Lectures given at the IX Mexican School on Particles and Fi
Particle physics models where there are large hidden extra dimensions are currently on the focus of an intense activity. The main reason is that these large extra dimensions may come with a TeV scale for quantum gravity (or string theory) which leads to a plethora of new observable phenomena in colliders as well in other areas of particle physics. Those new dimensions could be as large as millimeters implying deviations of the Newton's law of gravity at these scales. Intending to provide a basic introduction to this fast developing area, we present a general overview of theories with large extra dimensions. We center our discussion on models for neutrino masses, high dimensional extensions of the Standard Model and gauge coupling unification. We discuss the recently proposed technic of splitting fermion wave functions on a tick brane which may solve the problem of a fast proton decay and produce fermion mass hierarchies without invoking extra global symmetries. Randall-Sundrum model and some current trends are also commented.
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