Interaction between vortices in models with two order parameters

Physics – High Energy Physics – High Energy Physics - Theory

Scientific paper

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11 pages, 3 figures. Minor changes in the text. Accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. D

Scientific paper

10.1103/PhysRevD.67.105024

The interaction energy and force between widely separated strings is analyzed in a field theory having applications to superconducting cosmic strings, the SO(5) model of high-temperature superconductivity, and solitons in nonlinear optics. The field theory has two order parameters, one of which is broken in the vacuum (giving rise to strings), the other of which is unbroken in the vacuum but which could nonetheless be broken in the core of the string. If this does occur, there is an effect on the energetics of widely separated strings. This effect is important if the length scale of this second order parameter is longer than that of the other fields in the problem.

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