GRB050223: A faint Gamma-Ray Burst discovered by Swift

Astronomy and Astrophysics – Astrophysics

Scientific paper

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6 pages, 5 figures. To be published in MNRAS Letters

Scientific paper

10.1111/j.1745-3933.2005.00086.x

GRB050223 was discovered by the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Explorer on 23 February 2005 and was the first Gamma-Ray Burst to be observed by both Swift and XMM-Newton. At the time of writing (May 2005), it has one of the faintest GRB afterglows ever observed. The spacecraft could not slew immediately to the burst, so the first X-ray and optical observations occurred approximately 45 minutes after the trigger. Although no optical emission was found by any instrument, both Swift and XMM-Newton detected the fading X-ray afterglow. Combined data from both of these observatories show the afterglow to be fading monotonically as 0.99 +0.15/-0.12 over a time frame between 45 minutes to 27 hours post-burst. Spectral analysis, allowed largely by the higher through-put of XMM-Newton, implies a power-law with a slope of Gamma=1.75 +0.19/-0.18 and shows no evidence for absorption above the Galactic column of 7 x 10^20 cm^-2. From the X-ray decay and spectral slopes, a low electron power-law index of p = 1.3-1.9 is derived; the slopes also imply that a jet-break has not occured up to 27 hours after the burst. The faintness of GRB050223 may be due to a large jet opening or viewing angle or a high redshift.

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