Astronomy and Astrophysics – Astrophysics – General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
15 pages. LaTeX. Was presented at the 17th International Conference on General Relativity and Gravitation (GR17), Dublin 2004.
A new geometric interpretation for General Relativity (GR) is proposed. We show that in the presence of an arbitrary affine connection, the gravitational field is described as nonmetricity of the affine connection. An affine connection can be interpreted as induced by a frame of reference (FR). Although the gravitational field equations are identical to Einstein's equations of GR, this formulation leads to a covariant tensor (instead of the pseudotensor) of energy-momentum of the gravitational field and covariant conservation laws. We further develop a geometric representation of FR as a metric-affine space, with transition between FR represented as affine deformation of the connection. Geodesic and autoparallel worldlines are considered. We show that the affine connection of a NIFR has curvature and may have torsion. We calculate the curvature for the uniformly accelerated FR. Finally, we show that GR is inadequate to describe the gravitational field in a NIFR. We propose a generalization of GR, which describes gravity as nonmetricity of the affine connection induced in a FR. This generalization contains GR as a special case of the inertial FR.
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