Constraints on Modified Gravity from Sunyaev-Zeldovich Cluster Surveys

Astronomy and Astrophysics – Astrophysics – Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics

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16 pages, 9 figures

Scientific paper

We investigate the constraining power of current and future Sunyaev-Zeldovich cluster surveys on the f(R) gravity model. We use a Fisher matrix approach, adopt self-calibration for the mass- observable scaling relation, and evaluate constraints for the SPT, Planck, SPTPol and ACTPol surveys. The modified gravity effects on the mass function, halo bias, matter power spectrum, and mass-observable relation are taken into account. We show that, relying on number counts only, the Planck cluster catalog is expected to reduce current upper limits by about a factor of four, to {\sigma}fR0 = 3 {\times} 10-5 (68% confidence level). Adding the cluster power spectrum further improves the constraints to {\sigma}fR0 = 10-5 for SPT and Planck, and {\sigma}fR0 = 3 {\times} 10-6 for SPTPol, pushing cluster constraints significantly beyond the limit where number counts have no constraining power due to the chameleon screening mechanism. Further, the combination of both observables breaks degeneracies, especially with the expansion history (effective dark energy density and equation of state). The constraints are only mildly worsened by the use of self-calibration but depend strongly on the mass threshold of the cluster samples.

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