Astronomy and Astrophysics – Astrophysics – Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics
Submitted to MNRAS on 12/10/2010, 11 pages, 10 figures
We analyse the coarse-grained phase-space structure of the six Galaxy-scale dark matter haloes of the Aquarius Project using a state-of-the-art 6D substructure finder. Within r_50, we find that about 35% of the mass is in identifiable substructures, predominantly tidal streams, but including about 14% in self-bound subhaloes. The slope of the differential substructure mass function is close to -2, which should be compared to around -1.9 for the population of self-bound subhaloes. Near r_50 about 60% of the mass is in substructures, with about 30% in self-bound subhaloes. The inner 35 kpc of the highest resolution simulation has only 0.5% of its mass in self-bound subhaloes, but 3.3% in detected substructure, again primarily tidal streams. The densest tidal streams near the solar position have a 3-D mass density about 1% of the local mean, and populate the high velocity tail of the velocity distribution.
White Simon D. M.
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