A non-singular universe with vacuum energy

Astronomy and Astrophysics – Astrophysics – General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology

Scientific paper

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28 pages, 4 figures

Scientific paper

10.1007/s10773-011-0860-5

We construct a model for the universe based on the existence of quantum fields at finite temperature in the background of Robertson-Walker spacetime in presence of a non-zero cosmological constant. We discuss the vacuum regime in the light of the results obtained through previous studies of the back-reaction of massless quantum fields in the static Einstein universe, and we argue that an adiabatic vacuum state and thermal equilibrium is achieved throughout this regime. Results shows that such a model can explain many features of the early universe as well as the present universe. The model is free from the basic problems of the standard Friedmann cosmology, and is non-singular but involves a continuous creation of energy at a rate proportional to the size of the universe, which is lower than that suggested by the steady-state cosmology.

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